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This page is about starting and building a sustainable planned giving program. If you want to learn how to market a planned giving program, read our 10 Simple Tips and Strategies on marketing planned gifts. And always remember: Planned giving is a people business, not a legal business.™
You do not have to understand CRUTs and CRATs, but you should know the general concept of planned giving as well as the basics of how each gift vehicle works (this link is an immense resource for the newbie as it summarizes each gift planning vehicle along with a video, and includes typical donor profile(s) for each gift type). A copy of our Ultimate Quick Reference Planned Giving Pocket Guide is a good start, too.
Remember that you are in the “people business” and not the legal business. Walk the talk — but there’s no need to become a legal or tax expert.
To start, we strongly suggest you focus on Beneficiary Designations, the “gifts anyone can make” on the above mentioned page with the videos:
The advisory committee is usually a team of people with “outside” knowledge… a different “lens” they see through. Consider having:
A business owner
A financial advisor who is charity minded
A board member (who also sits on another board or has previous experience)
Let Your Loyal Donors Know.
These donors are usually the ones who have given at least 8 years out of the last 12 or 15. Loyal donors are the ones who love your nonprofit. As a rule of thumb, they are about 5% to 12% of your donor base. For some organizations, this number can be much higher.
Make the letter personal, not institutional or “salesy” — as if you are writing to your mom.
Before and After Example (Appeal Letter)
Develop a nice logo and establish a standard guideline with colors, fonts, imagery, etc. This is called branding. If you are on a tight budget and doing this on your own, you can play graphic designer for a day and get your inspiration at istockphoto.com. In their search bar type in “logo ideas” followed by the concepts you are looking for (leaves, trees, puppies, babies, etc.). Make sure you have “images” selected in the search bar otherwise you’ll get too many irrelevant returns on your search results. Some even inappropriate.
Once you have your name and logo in place, put together a brochure, preferably with a few donor stories. Do one online, too. Here are a few “generic” samples to get your ideas flowing:
Having planned giving pages summarizing essential planned gifts is a must. Start with beneficiary designations or a simple inexpensive off-the-shelf solution for the time being. Just get something up there.
We can go on and on for pages with the following suggestions, but your website should minimally have:
Over time, legacy giving plans can get complicated and established programs for that reason have comprehensive gift acceptance policies. It keeps them out of trouble.
You gift acceptance policy can also add to and detract from your brand equity. Be true to your policies and mission statement.
But for now, keep your policies simple — we recommend starting with Beneficiary Designations. Later, you can consider expanding. Will you accept Gifts of Real Estate? Life Income Gifts? If you’re an environmental organization, will you accept a piece of property with a condemned gas station on it? How about “tainted” gifts? How do you view or define them?
Again, over time, the gift plans you accept, and your policies around them, should all be spelled out. For now, start slow and just be cognizant of it. If you really need to formalize it now, Legacy Giving in a Box covers all of this and more step by step.
Here’s an example (PDF, free download) of a gift acceptance policy from one of our clients, Smith College.
Gift Acceptance Policies should serve as a guide only. You may need to offer a customized plan for a particular donor. And exceptions do always come up:
For example: You may not want to accept gifts of real estate at this time, but if a $4 million opportunity lands in your lap, you can always work with a professional facilitator to help. They will certainly receive a handsome cut — but then, so will your nonprofit. Or, another example, let’s say your “strict” age minimum for a Charitable Gift Annuity is 65. But Mrs. Johnson, 87, who is a yearly million-dollar giver, wants to give a birthday gift — a gift annuity in the amount of $500,000 — in the name of her daughter, 64. Would you say no? This is why we, as a planned giving vendor, use terms like “suggested” in our marketing language.
These types of experiences (sometimes gut-wrenching) will push your limits. But rolling up your sleeves and getting the work done will hastily enhance your career.
If you are a relatively new program, do not worry about tools like planned giving calculators, etc., for now. In case you need calculators, however, we have you covered. Note on that page that we also offer advisor calculators. Here are some very basic materials you will need. There’s no need to complicate this.
For your convenience, all of the tools and forms you need are in Legacy Giving in a Box.
Before you get The Box, use some of the free planned giving tools on this page.
We’ve seen many fail at their jobs by attempting to formalize their program before they begin their marketing efforts, and by spending too much of their time and financial resources on back office systems and operations. You need a balance between both.
Remember, your goal is to bring in the gifts, then worry about how to structure the deals. (If you’re the CFO of the organization, you can ignore this advice.)
Prospect identification is a science. If your budget permits, outsource this.
This could vary from one organization to the next, but in the majority of cases your best planned giving prospects are your most loyal donors.
A general rule of thumb: Your best prospects are those who have given at least 8 out of the last 12 to 15 years. This group has to be consistently targeted.
Do not mail to your entire list. The entire list should just be exposed to general marketing efforts (a display ad in your magazine, a blurb about planned giving in your alumni e-newsletter, etc.). Marketing to your entire list is one way of destroying your budget.
Bottom line: focus on the loyals, and contact them or mail to them frequently. This comes from the well-accepted 80-20 rule.
Use some sort of a donor tracking system (donor management software).
Track donors’ ages and birth dates (they’ll appreciate a Happy Birthday note or postcard, and it keeps you top of mind).
Donor tracking systems track gifts, when, how often, etc. You can later use this information to see who your best prospects are. There are free donor tracking systems out there, but be cautious. Once you begin using a tracking system, you are practically married to it — it will be challenging to navigate to another one.
Thank you cards, handwritten, delivered via US Mail, can have a long-lasting impact.
This is best done on key days (such as Thanksgiving, anniversaries, etc.). Thank your board sincerely, from the bottom of your heart. Take into account that not only are they helping your organization, they are indirectly contributing to your career.
Board members can be tough at times, at least the good, willing ones. There will always be disagreements, but the outcome of such peer-to-peer discussions will yield a better outcome. Sending them cards will signal them that you’re serious about your job.
If you notice that everyone on your board is always on the same page, that is not a good sign. You’ve collected too many like-minded people in the hopes that you always get a “yes.”
Taking a negotiation course will also help. Remember the saying: “You do not get what you deserve. You get what you negotiate.” And make sure you understand the “science behind money” — boards think differently about money than fundraisers do.
A thank you card has a different impact than an institutional acknowledgement.
A sense of individual appreciation such as a personal thank-you goes a long way. Did you hear about the donor who removed you from her bequest because you didn’t even acknowledge her gift? You will when you realize you’re not getting that $2 million she promised you … always say thank you.
“But I don’t have time for all those thank you cards.”
The 2nd also creates synergy, and volunteers may recognize other donors on your mailing list and tell you things you were not aware of. It’s like “Six Degrees of Separation” which likely in your case is “three degrees” because of common areas of interest and small, closed community.
Focus 15 to 30 minutes of your thoughts on planned giving a day.
It’s like brushing your teeth. No big effort required here, just make it a routine habit. Our blog, Give and Take, will help you gain an understanding.
By making it a habit, you will see opportunities arising right in front of you. Just make sure you have a marketing system (10 Strategies) in place first. That should take you about 10 days to set up. Most of the resources in this marketing system will not incur a financial investment.
Also consider Legacy Giving in a Box. It’s your “personal coach” which provides everything an organization needs to implement a basic planned giving program: Tips and tricks; step-by-step instructions; professional advice; customizable forms; marketing materials; artwork templates, thank you letters and much more. Over 2000 hours have been invested into it.
The Box is a turnkey product that’s designed to help you and your organization grow. It provides clarity and purpose to strengthen relationships and outcomes. It delivers education, execution, and sustainability.
Offer planned giving educational events.
Do not center them on planned giving, however. Make them interesting events and interject how easy it is for donors to help. Showcase “Bob and Mary” and what they have done for your nonprofit. Have a board member speak… build peer pressure. We see this done effectively at many institutions.
Network with attorneys and advisors and see if they will make a presentation. They will actually welcome it (it’s a form of advertising, after all). Hold their presentations to 10 to 15 minutes. Avoid the dull and dry — look for outgoing types. The last thing you want is to bore your donors and prospects. Also, make sure your presenters cover topics useful for donors (like Estate Planning; Succession Planning; etc.)
Make an agreement that they will not turn their speech into a sales presentation.
Tip: Distribute several copies of our Ultimate Quick Reference Planned Giving Pocket Guide as an educational tool they can take home.
Let donors know that planned giving is not about money. It’s about trust and legitimacy.
When you have a planned giving program in place, cash giving will follow, naturally. Why? Because donors see you are investing in the future of your organization.
Planned giving builds trust and credibility. And that makes you look more fiscally legitimate.
This video may be a little dramatic, but it gets the point across You, and your organization, are not taken seriously if you do not have a planned giving system in place. Even a small one. Donors notice and look elsewhere.
Ask for testimonials and donor stories. Always.
Donor testimonials motivate others to give, and often generate second-time gifts. We learned this in 1998 from Adam Corson-Finnerty at the University of Pennsylvania. And donor stories are among the most powerful philanthropic marketing tools we have at our disposal. Donor stories put a human face on the process of giving, and inspire prospects to give as well, because they identify with those who have become donors. The theory is simple, actually. It’s called peer pressure.
Often, donors will delay getting you their story. It’s not a priority and they have other things to do. Here are three tips to expedite them:
If a donor mentions they are reluctant because they do not want to boast, here are two answers:
You will always have that rare exception where the donor simply says no. But then, they may change their mind when they see peers online one day. Did we mention peer pressure?
This entire process strengthens the bond between you, the donor, and your constituency. It’s a win-win.
Most donors want to know how their money will be used. Some will want to direct it toward certain programs or areas of your nonprofit. This is critical to address in your future marketing efforts. Your gift acceptance policies will help. All this and more is included in Legacy Giving in a Box.
Have all options ready for your donor at your fingertips. They will appreciate you have anticipated their philanthropic needs.
This is the fun part.
Network with a few nonprofits in the area to see what they are doing. Engage some that are smaller than yours, and some that are larger. An easy way to meet peers is to go to regular meetings held by (just to name a few):
We often attend and speak at these events. Get on our mailing list to see where we’re next.
Make plans for the following, or lay the groundwork for your successor:
Reach out! We look forward to hearing from you.
We value your privacy and keep your
information private. We do not spam.